Archive for August 2008

#### NR, the 3rd edition

Talking about limits in Numerical Recipes in my PyIMSL post, I couldn’t resist checking materials, particularly updates in the new edition of Numerical Recipes by Press, et al. (2007). Continue reading ‘NR, the 3rd edition’ »

#### PyIMSL

PyIMSL is a collection of Python wrappers to the math and statistical algorithms in the IMSL C Numerical Library[1]. I recall the days of digging in IMSL (International Mathematics and Statistics Library) user manuals and learning Fortran and C to use this vast library (Splus was to slow at that time). Upon knowing that Python is very favored among astronomers (click here to see the slog posts about Python) and that limits exist in Numerical Recipes (I didn’t check the latest version published last year, though), probably IMSL is useful for mathematical and statistical analysis for astronomers.

To know more, Continue reading ‘PyIMSL’ »

1. cited from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMSL[]

#### A lecture note of great utility

I didn’t realize this post was sitting for a month during which I almost neglected the slog. As if great books about probability and information theory for statisticians and engineers exist, I believe there are great statistical physics books for physicists. On the other hand, relatively less exist that introduce one subject to the other kind audience. In this regard, I thought the lecture note can be useful.

[arxiv:physics.data-an:0808.0012]
Lectures on Probability, Entropy, and Statistical Physics by Ariel Caticha
Abstract: Continue reading ‘A lecture note of great utility’ »

Like spherical cows, true blackbodies do not exist. Not because “black objects are dark, duh”, as I’ve heard many people mistakenly say — black here simply refers to the property of the object where no wavelength is preferentially absorbed or emitted, and all the energy input to it is converted into radiation. There are many famous astrophysical cases which are very good approximations to perfect blackbodies — the 2.73K microwave background radiation left over from the early Universe, for instance. Even the Sun is a good example. So it is often used to model the emission from various objects. Continue reading ‘Blackbody Radiation [Eqn]’ »

#### Go Maroons!

UChicago, my alma mater, is doing alright for itself in the spacecraft naming business.

First there was Edwin Hubble (S.B. 1910, Ph.D. 1917).
Then came Arthur Compton (the “MetLab”).
Followed by Subramanya Chandrasekhar (Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics).

And now, Enrico Fermi.

#### Magnitude [Eqn]

I still remember my first class as a new grad student. As a cocky Physics graduate, I was quite sure I knew plenty of astronomy. Astro 301, class 1, and it took all of 20 minutes of talk about stellar magnitudes to put that notion to permanent rest. So, for the sake of our stats colleagues, here’s a brief primer on one of the basic building blocks of astronomy. Continue reading ‘Magnitude [Eqn]’ »

#### Differential Emission Measure [Eqn]

Differential Emission Measures (DEMs) are a summary of the temperature structure of the outer atmospheres (aka coronae) of stars, and are usually derived from a select subset of line fluxes. They are notoriously difficult to estimate. Very few algorithms even bother to calculate error envelopes on them. They are also subject to numerous systematic uncertainties which can play havoc with proper interpretation. But they are nevertheless extremely useful since they allow changes in coronal structures to be easily discerned, and observations with one instrument can be used to derive these DEMs and these can then be used to predict what is observable with some other instrument. Continue reading ‘Differential Emission Measure [Eqn]’ »

#### I Like Eq

I grew up in an environment that glamourized mathematical equations. Equations adorned a text like jewelry, set there to dazzle, and often to outshine the text that they were to illuminate. Needless to say, anything I wrote was dense, opaque, and didn’t communicate what it set out to. It was not until I saw a Reference Frame essay by David Mermin on how to write equations (1989, Physics Today, 42, p9) that I realized that equations should be treated as part of the text. You should be able to read them. David Mermin set out 3 rules for writing out equations, which I’ve tried to follow diligently (if not always successfully) since then. Continue reading ‘I Like Eq’ »

#### Background Subtraction, the Sequel [Eqn]

As mentioned before, background subtraction plays a big role in astrophysical analyses. For a variety of reasons, it is not a good idea to subtract out background counts from source counts, especially in the low-counts Poisson regime. What Bayesians recommend instead is to set up a model for the intensity of the source and the background and to infer these intensities given the data. Continue reading ‘Background Subtraction, the Sequel [Eqn]’ »